Y. Chornous; O. Lopata
The public need for effective investigation of crimes requires increasing the effectiveness of forensic work by improving the forensic expertise of pre-trial investigation and judicial review, improving the legal regulation of forensic expert activity, expanding the range of expert tasks to be solved, developing of expert methodologies in accordance with international standards, European and world experience. The success of the solution of the set tasks depends to a large extent on the implementation of appropriate international cooperation in the field of forensic expert activity.
International cooperation in the field of forensic expert activity is realized according to certain directions, levels and forms. The study of legislation, scientific works, testifies to the absence of a single coordinated approach to their coverage. In a scientific article, a view is formed on the clarification of the question posed.
Based on the results of the research, the following areas of international cooperation in the field of forensic expert activity are highlighted: in criminal proceedings; civil proceedings; economic production; administrative production; enforcement proceedings; international cooperation, the implementation of which is carried out outside production on the scientific and educational-methodical direction.
The following levels of international cooperation have been singled out: a regional (participation in regional international forensic expert organizations (ENFSI)) international (participation in international forensic expert organizations of the global level), bilateral cooperation (between forensic institutions of states).
The main forms of international cooperation in the field of forensic expert activity are described: the definition and provision of international standards for forensic expert activity, forensic expertise in the form of international legal assistance, the recruitment of specialists from other states to solve forensic tasks and participation in such events of domestic judicial experts; maintenance of functioning and use of the data of criminalistics accounts and information retrieval systems; information exchange; holding classes, internships, conferences, advanced training, etc.