Peer review is the assessment of an article (scientific work) by one or several experts in the relevant subject field.
The review involves careful study of the author’s articles and studies by experts in the same field in order to verify its validity and evaluate its suitability for publication. Peer review helps the publisher to decide whether to accept the article for publication.
Open peer review is a general term for many cross-cutting methods that can be adapted to peer review models in accordance with the nature of Open Science, including the discovery of reviewers and author identifications, the publication of reviews of the review of the author’s material.
One of the most important features of Open peer review is the following:
Open identities: authors and reviewers know who checks and who they are checking; the names of the reviewers are indicated on the reviews, which contributes to the improvement of quality and a more responsible attitude towards the results of the assessment; transparency will help avoid conflicts of interest; openness may encourage reviewers to “mitigate” their point of view, which will contribute to a more objective assessment of the article.
Open reports: reviews are published in print, or posted on the site along with the relevant article; reviews contain useful information; openness can positively affect the quality of the review; help the training of young scientists to review; the names of the reviewers are indicated.
Open participation: the scientific community contributes to the review process.
Open interaction: direct discussion between authors and reviewers, as well as between reviewers, is allowed and encouraged.
Open pre-review manuscripts: the manuscript is immediately available for viewing (for example, sending of an article by e-mail) before the formal evaluation procedure.
Open final-version commenting: review or comment on “final versions” of publications.
Open platforms («decoupled review»): review is separated from the publishing process.
Review of the scientific article by O. B. Kovalchuk “Research of cases of rolling stock hitting an obstacle in a forensic railway transport examination” (Author – O. M.Vozniak, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Laboratory of Railway Transport Research of Lviv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise,)
Review of the scientific article by K. P. Proskura and M. B. Zholobetska “Some aspects of the appointment and conduct of forensic economic examination on the issues of documentary validity of tariffs for thermal energy”, (Author – Ye. D. Lukianchykov, Doctor of Law, Professor of the Faculty of Sociology and Law of the National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”)
Review of the scientific article by A. S. Pashyieva “Topical issues of administration and legal regulation of cold weapons circulation” (Author – V. M. Atamanchuk, Police Major, Head of the Department of Criminalistics Support and Forensic Examination of the National and Scientific Institute No. 2 of the National Academy of Internal Affairs,)
Review of the scientific article by Ya. Yu. Kolisa “Virtualization in Computer Forensics” (Author-N.V.Lysenko,Head of the Department of merchandising research and appraisal activities of Poltava Research Institute, N. V. Lysenko, Candidate of Technical Sciences)
Review of the scientific article by A. V. Komandyrov “Features of the study of compliance with the requirements of the regulatory and legal acts of Ukraine in terms of fire safety during the analysis of project documentation and construction sites” , (Author- Ye. D. Lukianchykov, Doctor of Law, Professor of the Faculty of Sociology and Law of the National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”)
Review of the scientific article by Yu. M. Chornous and O. A. Lopata “The concept and tasks of forensic expertise in modern realities” (Author- S. S. Cherniavskyi, Vice-rector of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Scientist and Technician of Ukraine)
Review of the scientific article O. V. Litvinova “The essence of the basic concepts of the theory of forensic examination: method and methodology (Author- V. V. Yusupov, Head of the Scientific and Research Laboratory on the problems of forensic examination of the Research and Scientific Institute No 2, Candidate of Juridical Sciences, senior researcher)
Review of the scientific article by V. V. Areshkov “Mistakes in conducting forensic examinations: types, causes and ways of prevention” (Author- Yu. Yu. Orlov, Chief Researcher of the Department for organizing research and scientific work of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, Doctor of Law)
Review of the scientific article by O. A. Parfylo “Technical and forensic support of crime detection: experience of the European Union countries” (Author- T. V. Budko, Doctor of Law, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Ukrainian Scientific and Research Institute of Special Equipment and Forensic Expertise of the Security Service of Ukraine)
Review of the scientific article by O. Yu. Koshel “Microscopic studies: fixation and image processing. Implementation of computer microscopy” (Author- R. M. Shostak, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Ukrainian Scientific and Research Institute of Special Equipment and Forensic Expertise of the Security Service of Ukraine)