V. Khosha; O. Uhrovetskyi
In this article for the purpose of essence and feature definition and legal and administrative accreditation of Ukrainian forensic institutions and theoretical proof and proposals creation regarding its improvement, necessary methods and forms are defined. Administrative and legal forms of accreditation of forensic institutions (FI) of Ukraine are defined as an external expression of the content of activities of the national body of Ukraine for accreditation within limits of legal authoritative powers, which are enshrined according to rules of administrative law. Their implementation always entails the occurrence of legally significant consequences. It is substantiated that such forms are: 1) allocation of a specific body for implementation of conformity assessment activities in certain fields as evidenced by issuance of a Document of Compliance based on decision taken after a critical review about fulfillment of certain requirements was proved; 2) expansion of the scope of accreditation; 3) refusal of accreditation by applicant; 4) refusal to expand the scope of accreditation.
Under methods of accreditation forensic institutions of Ukraine is understood totality of legal means and methods (techniques) of the influence of the subject on the object of accreditation applied by national body of Ukraine for accreditation within its competence. Among these methods, administrative and legal ones have been singled out, namely: mandatory prescriptions; permissive; report on performing of certain actions; registration of certain objects and actions; suspension, restriction and prohibition of certain actions by conformity assessment bodies; permission; control and supervision.
Improvement of administrative and legal forms and accreditation methods forensic institutions of Ukrainian is part of a larger problem that means improving administrative and legal support for accreditation of Ukrainian forensic institutions as specific objects since their activities do not come within regulation of a single standard but require an integrated approach. Development and adoption of special regulatory and legal acts including not only clear forms and methods definition accreditation of Ukrainian forensic institutions but other regulations regarding regulation of relevant procedures is one of the directions for solving this issue.