N. Mateiko, А. Lyshak
The article is dedicated to the importance by expert’s psychologist clinical and psychological competence, because its purpose is to identify the mental characteristics of a particular person and its behavior in the legally relevant circumstances during preliminary and pretrial investigation in criminal and civil cases.
Forensic psychological examination establishes the presence or absence of pathological deviations in mental functioning of the subject person and their impact on the ability to display, reflect, and regulate incriminating activities, solves the question of the interaction of psychological and psychopathological factors, clinical mental health cases or borderline mental health options.
Expert assessment needs to study the influence of parents or persons who replace them, on the mental state of children, personality traits of each parent, features of the child’s perception of the relationship between the parents, ways of solving their conflict situations, the influence of such situations on the formation of attitudes and values in the child. The degree of attachment of the child to the parents or persons who replace them, especially their mental development and age is taken into account.
When any mental disorders are detected in a child or parent, it is carried out complex psychological and psychiatric examination to determine the ability of parents their functions, resolving the issue of cause and effect of family conflict.
Research findings made by an expert psychologist in the form of an expert opinion are taken as a basis in court cases or investigative decisions are provided by an expert psychologist in the form of an expert opinion, which contains the plot of the case, dynamics data of child’s mental development, the conditions of education and training, individual psychological characteristics, which have arisen in different periods of life, progress and results of individual psychological examination at individual, the method used, interview data, retrospective psychological analysis of the questions posed.
When conducting a re-examination, in the research part of the expert’s opinion it is necessary to indicate the reasons for the differences with the findings of previous examinations, if any such differences existed.
Key words: clinical and psychological competence, forensic psychological examination, expert psychologist, expert’s opinion.