А. Ishchenko; D. Liashenko
Based on the analysis of 19 doctoral and 271 masterʼs theses on specialty 12.00.09 — criminal procedure and criminalistics; forensic examination; operative and search activity, which were protected by employees, Ph.D. candidates and applicants of the National Academy of the Internal Affairs, outlined the most important areas of scientific research in this direction and identified forensic science schools.
It is emphasized that the founders of scientific forensic schools were mainly the Department of Criminalistics heads.
The founder of the formation of criminalistic schools in the field of criminology was Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Ukraine, Honoured Worker of Education of Ukraine, Colonel of Internal Service Mykhailo Vasylovych Saltevskyi (1917–2009), who headed the department in 1971–1979. He is the founder of forensic acoustics, criminalistics odorology and videophonoscopy.
A significant contribution to the development of scientific schools in the field of criminology was made by Doctor of Law, Professor, Colonel of Police Volodymyr Petrovych Bakhin (1932–2016), who headed the department in 1979–1985. He was a scientific adviser to eleven doctors of science and more than twenty candidates of science.
The multi-vector problems of the criminal process, criminalistics, forensic examination and operative and search activity were investigated in the framework of the scientific school formed by Doctor of Law, Professor, Colonel of Police Yevhenii Lukianchykov, who headed the department in 1985–1993 and trained two doctors and twenty candidates of science.
In the years 1993–1996, the department was headed by the candidate of legal sciences, assistant professor Petro Dmytrovych Bilenchuk, who directed the efforts of his students to the problems of methods of investigating crimes and issues of criminalistics. In the years 1996–2004, the department was headed by Doctor of Law, Professor Volodymyr Serhiiovych Kuzmichov (1957–2012), who later became a well-deserved lawyer of Ukraine, laureate of the State Prize of Ukraine in the field of science and technology. Under his scientific advice and guidance, two doctors of science and twenty candidates of science were protected.
Professor Viktor Kazymirovych Veselskyi (1961–2016), the head of the department was the candidate of legal sciences from 2004 to 2015. He trained more than thirty candidates of science who specialized in the methods of investigating crimes.
Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Lawyer of Ukraine Andrii Volodymyrovych Ischenko works for a long time at the department, who provided training for four doctors of science and more than thirty candidates of science.
A peculiar scientific school was created by Serhii Serhiiovych Cherniavskyi, Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Ukraine, who trained two doctors of science and more than ten candidates of sciences.
The process of forming and development of criminalistics scientific schools is still continuing in the National Academy of Internal Affairs. Doctors of Law Yu. Chornous and Ye. Taran are actively working in this direction as well as the candidates of law sciences, associates professors I.A. Iierusalymov and V.V.Piaskovskyi.