Y. Tsizhma, O. Lyshak, O. Tsizhma
The article is devoted to the study of theoretical and methodological aspects of forensic examination, taking into account the processes of digitalization of society.
The main problems and features of conducting forensic examinations using elements of digital technologies are identified, and the expediency of using certain methods in different situations is indicated. The legal norms and limits of forensic examinations are outlined. Scientific provisions and possibilities of combining expert and scientific methods are analyzed.
The relevance of the study is determined by the introduction of the latest trends in forensic examinations in modern conditions and the formation of a new direction of digitization of forensic examinations. An important trend of modern forensic examination is its technologization, development and implementation of information, digital, telecommunication and other technologies. A comprehensive analysis of forensic expert activity made it possible to formulate a number of proposals regarding ways and means of improvement in today’s dynamic society.
Modern man is increasingly integrated into the field of digital technologies and delegates to them an ever-increasing number of those functional actions, which very recently were considered an indispensable advantage of the man himself as an intelligent and free being. Modern trends led to the expansion of the use of computer technologies in the process of conducting economic examinations. At present, these examinations are a set of actions carried out by trained experts who have accounting and legal knowledge and are also able to professionally use computer equipment, and modern software for research and analysis of information on the case under investigation.
The use of computer technologies makes it possible to improve the process of expert research, to reduce experts’ time spent on analysis, logic, calculations, arithmetic methods and other procedures, to create the necessary prerequisites for improving the quality and speed of expert research, to increase the effectiveness of the results of expert examinations, which are the main measures of improving the qualifications of practising experts there is a systematic passing of internships and conducting scientific research work by the specialists themselves. An important factor is also the exchange of experience with foreign experts through participation in scientific events abroad. Systematic internships and conducting scientific research work by the specialists themselves should be the main measures to improve the qualifications of practising experts.
Key words: expertise, forensic examination, digitalization, digitalization, methodology, special knowledge, qualification, virtualization.