Міжвідомчий Науково-методичний збірник
"Криміналістика і судова експертиза"
ISSN: 2786-7072 (Online); ISSN: 2786-7080 (Print)
PDF Криміналістика 65 друк новий 72 82 Завантажень: 88, розмiр: 279.3 KB

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33994/kndise.2020.65.07

A. Stolitnii

The article deals with the study of the electronic segment of criminal process in the Republic of Lithuania. Specialized electronic tools of criminal process in the form of information systems are analyzed, including: Integrated information system of criminal process, special website; electronic monitoring device. There are also a few non-specialized electronic criminal process tools, including: audiovisual telecommunications, electronic communications, electronic and digital media. The requirements for electronic recording of individual investigative actions using photography, audio, video, filming, other means and instruments of fixation have been investigated. Requirements for electronic recording of interrogation, search, arrest, identification of a person by a photo are noted. The norms of the Criminal Procedure Law of the Republic of Lithuania governing the electronic form of a criminal case in the form of an electronic file are stored, which stores electronic procedural documents drawn up or received in the course of a pre-trial investigation signed by a secure electronic signature. The rules for electronic communication between the subjects (participants) of the pre-trial investigation are analyzed. Procedural actions in the criminal proceedings of the Republic of Lithuania, carried out by the body of pre-trial investigation, by the prosecutor or the judge may be recorded electronically. With the consent of the investigator, at the conclusion of the pre-trial investigation, a copy of the pre-trial investigation file may be transmitted electronically and a copy of the indictment by electronic means or by electronic means. It is established that the trial is accompanied by electronic recording of its progress and results, participation in the trial of criminal proceedings can be ensured by remote transmission of audio and video, and familiarization with procedural documents – on a special website and e-mail. According to the results of the study of the electronic segment, the criminal procedural law of Latvia establishes the opportunity to use such experience in the introduction of electronic technologies in domestic science and practice of criminal procedural activity, the possibility of qualitative legislative implementation of changes.

Key words: criminal proceedings, electronic segment, electronic criminal proceedings, the Republic of Lithuania, electronic record, evidence.