O. Ruvin, V. Matveiv
The article is devoted to the problems of one of the types of forensic transport and commodity examination on the value of water transport, namely, watercraft.
The fast pace of saturation of the consumer market of Ukraine with such means occurs both due to domestic official certified manufacturers, as well as due to amateur activities, illegal production, smuggling of imported shipping means into the customs territory of Ukraine. The expansion of their assortment leads to the fact that they become the objects of forensic examination.
Processes such as the transition of society to market economic, the privatization of state and communal property, the development of insurance activities, changes in legislation, force investigators, judges, bailiffs to raise issues related to the right of ownership. And the use of water transport for forensic examination with cases of falsification, fraud, incompetence of certain officials, determination of the actual market value of these objects during shifts of the owner (ownership distribution), imperfection of our legislation and so on.
All of the above emphasizes once again the complexity research of water transport objects, especially when they are conducted only on the case and up on the last date. Commodity examination and research to determine the market value of water transport cannot exist separately, without technical research, and is quite a challenge for the expert. This is due to the following factors: the lack of valuation methodologies for both large and small vessels as a whole, limited price information in open sources.
Expert practice regarding the assessment of water transport indicates that such examinations and all areas require a broad development and scientific and methodological approach, since the process of researching water transport is quite complex, diverse and specific, given that, recently, pre-trial investigation authorities, courts are increasingly turning to the Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise to resolve issues.
At present, a large number of different research have been conducted at the Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise, many examples have been collected, and key points of examination of water transport have been identified. In the light of the above experience, to ensure the scientific validity of the answers to the questions put to the experts, work is underway to develop a methodology for expert value of water transport.
Key words: forensic practice, expert research, watercrafts.