Міжвідомчий Науково-методичний збірник
"Криміналістика і судова експертиза"
ISSN: 0130-2655
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S. Neizvestnyі

Summary

Highways provide domestic and international passenger and cargo transportation unite settlements and individual facilities. In particular, condition of public road system affects the efficiency of production sector, development of tourism industry and social spheres. The development of public highways does not meet motorization requirements of Ukraine and has adversely affected the economy. Due to favourable geographic location at the intersections of major transit traffic flows between Europe and Asia, the development of trade relations, production linkages and scientific and technical cooperation with European countries, Ukrainian transport infrastructure is required to harmonize existing road pavement condition and construction of new roads with modern maintenance requirements.

The article deals with general questions of building and technical forensic examination within road construction research. The reasons of difficulties in determination of actual working amounts are indicated. Impact analysis of working amounts and quality of the executed works on road maintenance term is done.

Special attention was paid to the importance and feasibility of researching the actual volumes of road construction work, in conjunction with an analysis of their compliance with technological requirements, since in accordance with regulatory requirements in force in the road construction sector, if at least one of the examined performance indicators does not comply with the normative, work in the volume of distribution defect cannot be accepted.

Taking into account the requirements of normative and technical documentation and expert practice, the author outlines the stages of forensic construction and technical expertise in the study of the construction of road cloth.

The purpose of this article is to explain to forensic experts the importance of researching the physical and mechanical characteristics of the road cloth of an auto-road, as a part of the expertise to determine the amount of work performed. Since, inconsistencies in physical and mechanical characteristics the road cloth service life reduces, in connection with which, the costs of operating the road are significantly increased due to the implementation of an additional set of repair works aimed at eliminating emerging defects and ensuring road safety.