D. Samoilov; A. Pletenetska
Closed blunt abdominal trauma is a rather common cause of death among other types of trauma; it has its own peculiarities and may arise as a result of the actions of various objects. The potential danger of damages is represented by many devices and instruments manufactured today on an industrial scale. Nowadays, the characteristic features of hydrodynamic damage to tissues haven’t been studied and described, which does not allow highlighting some of the characteristic features that distinguish precisely this type of tissue damage. At the same time, the decision of the questions posed by investigative and judicial organs to the forensic medical expert in some cases causes certain difficulties; therefore, we propose to consider our own forensic medical assessment of the damage caused by the hydrodynamic action of the liquid jet: a combined hydrodynamic open blunt chest injury and stomach The given interesting case from practice clearly demonstrates the potential danger to a person’s life of certain apparatuses and instruments manufactured on an industrial scale, under conditions of inaccurate use by them. The conducted expert evaluation showed that taking into account the corresponding «explosive» nature and localization of lesions of the hollow organs of the abdominal and chest cavity, the detection of a chemical (emulsion) at the edges of the abdominal wound and in the cavity of the damaged stomach identical in composition to the specimen submitted for examination, that the abovementioned trauma has the character of hydrodynamic and was formed shortly before death from the powerful power of shock (shock wave) in the region of the stomach of the jet of the emulsion under high pressure from damaged waterproofing. The described injuries, which in their aggregate led to death, indicate the need for a detailed description and study of lesions on the corpse for further reliable expert forensic medical assessment.