The paper highlights the importance of researching certain issues in the implementation of the railway transport expertise, and provides the main reasons for the onset of the railway-transport accident(hereinafter referred to as «RTA»), which are assigned to the UZ for an internal investigation.
The reason for the onset of the RTA, with the rise of rolling stock and the loss of cargo through damaged packaging, the integrity of the body of the car, may be unsatisfactory technical condition of this rolling stock, improper fixing of cargo in the car, friction of the fastening on the route, or the option of interference by unauthorized persons.
In the framework of the examination, when a railway rolling stock leaves, causality and a direct technical reason for the onset of the RTA are established. Experts in the implementation of the examination examine: the technical condition of the rolling stock, ways, observance of the rules for the formation of the train and the conformity of the actions of the involved employees with regulatory documents. Questions considered require scientific research and justification. It is suggested to consider the improvement of this area of research in the implementation of the planned research work on the study of the main transport characteristics of goods transported and their packages with an assessment of the possibility of their influence on the cause-and-effect relationship with the onset of an RTA in the framework of the railway transport expertise.
The work emphasizes the urgency of the need to develop a methodology for assessing the impact of cargo transportation features on the onset of railway accidents.