Е. Lukianchykov, B. Lukianchykov, O. Mykytenko
The article deals with the issues of international cooperation between law enforcement agencies of states and international organizations in combating organized crime in the field of taxation. The forms and directions of the interaction of pre-trial investigation bodies with law enforcement agencies of other countries in countering organized crime in the field of taxation are analyzed. The study studied international treaties, the legislation of states (Ukraine, Germany, Poland, Italy), scientific achievements of scientists, statistical data on registered criminal offences and the results of their pre-trial investigation, and materials of criminal proceedings.
According to the results of the study, the interaction of investigative units with other law enforcement agencies and their units in Ukraine, as well as law enforcement agencies of other states, is proposed to be considered in two senses. One of them – is a guide, the principle of organization, which should guide the investigation process. The second – as a structural element of the methodology for investigating certain types of crimes, which should contain information about the experience of interaction of the investigator with other departments of law enforcement agencies, government agencies and public organizations, and, if necessary, with law enforcement agencies from other countries of the world (international cooperation).
The levels of international cooperation in combating crimes in the field of taxation committed by organized criminal groups are determined: bilateral (allows to take into account the peculiarities of law enforcement activities of each party to a greater extent, to agree on issues that are not equally regulated by the national legislation of each of them); regional (based on the principle of territoriality and allows taking into account the interests of the states of a particular region); universal (cooperation is carried out on the basis of Ukraine’s participation in world international organizations).
Forms of international cooperation in the field of combating crime are international legal assistance (conducting investigators and other legal proceedings, etc.), extradition of a person suspected of committing a crime (extradition institute), taking over of criminal proceedings; transfer of convicts to deprivation of liberty for further execution of punishment; international search; information exchange.
Proposals have been formulated to improve the interaction of investigative units with law enforcement agencies of other states in combating organized crime in the field of taxation based on the provisions of the Second Additional Protocol to the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters of 2001 on the possibility of direct communication between the competent authorities of Ukraine and the competent ones.
Key words: taxation, organized crime, interaction, international cooperation, investigative actions, police, pre-trial investigation.