Міжвідомчий Науково-методичний збірник
"Криміналістика і судова експертиза"
ISSN: 0130-2655
PDF Верстка Криміналістика 2019 6.05. 209 222 Завантажень: 1, розмiр: 324.8 KB

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33994/kndise.2019.64.18

A. Kofanov; V. Areshonkov

In the article, on the basis of the analysis of scientific literature and expert practice, the question of the use of modern information technologies in the prevention and investigation of crimes committed with the use of firearms is disclosed. The emphasis is placed on the fact that today in Ukraine due to the large number of crimes involving firearms, which has not significantly decreased in comparison with previous years, the issue of the introduction of modern IT technologies into expert work remains relevant, including the field of expertise of weapons and ballistic record keeping.

As a result of studying the experience of using IT-technologies in this industry in Ukraine, existing problems and certain ways of their solution are outlined. Among such problems it is necessary to note: firstly, the very slow introduction of ballistic systems by Ukrainian expert divisions. Today, these systems have a relatively small number of expert departments. Others continue to carry out identification tests in manual mode, do not mention the operational checking of records; secondly, the identification systems which used by expert units in Ukraine, in the vast majority, are, nevertheless, automatized, and not information retrieval, which in turn prevents the creation of a single data bank of image surfaces of bullets and sleeves with the subsequent automatic search. Thereafter, it is quite difficult to carry out inspections for the existing collection of bullets and cartridges in operational mode.

To solve these issues, it is necessary: firstly, if possible, to create its own automated information retrieval identification ballistic system which can be made on the basis of existing domestic automated ballistic systems, to implement it in the practical activities of all regional expert departments; second, to develop a single application software that would allow creating a single data bank of images of ballistic nature objects; thirdly, to ensure the interconnection and exchange of information between regional and central databases, and to ensure the protection of information from unauthorized interference; fourthly, to organize the training of relevant personnel and their studying.

Key words: genesis, prevention, crime investigation, IT technology, firearms.