Міжвідомчий Науково-методичний збірник
"Криміналістика і судова експертиза"
ISSN: 0130-2655
PDF Верстка Криміналістика 2019 6.05. 239 249 Завантажень: 3, розмiр: 434.0 KB

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33994/kndise.2019.64.21

B. Lukianchykov; O. Usenko

The article analyzes the current state of providing the forensic units of the National Police of Ukraine with technical and forensic means of protecting places of investigation. First of all, we are talking about the inspection of the scene of the incident and the use of mobile screens and tents. Their use allows to protect the scene of the incident and the objects located there both from the negative effects of a natural character (sun, rain, snow), and from free access by outsiders, as well as the curious eyes of interested people. Attention is drawn to the regulatory framework governing the use of data of forensic means of protection. The author analyzes the opinions of well-known domestic and foreign forensic scientists and proposes his own vision of resolving this issue, based on the regulatory framework in Ukraine.

The author reasonably comes to the conclusion that the main condition for the use of mobile protective equipment (tents and screens) of the places of investigation is strict observance of the rules and norms of international and domestic legislation that regulates activities in the field of criminal procedure.

Also the article speaks about the possibility of using improvised means and objects for protection against various influences of physical evidence at the scene, but it is stated that it is much more convenient to have such means prepared in advance in a patrol car.

It is analyzed the domestic and foreign market of such portable means of protection of accident sites (protective screens and tents), special attention is paid to the study of the materials, from which they are made and design features. It is noted that these devices should be light and allow one person to control them. On the basis of research, the author came to the conclusion that all sets of mobile protective structures (tent, screen) should be made of durable, non-transparent, impermeable, but easily breathable material. The design should allow easy connection of individual elements in order to increase the area of protection, both around the perimeter and in height.

All of the above allows us to conclude that the improvement and updating of the arsenal of special technical tools used by police officers to preserve the situation at the scene of incident are the necessary realities of today.

Key words: scientific and technical means, event protection, technical and forensic equipment.