Yu. Prykhodko; S. Lutsenko
This article analyzes the capabilities of the technical forensic support for the investigation of crimes related to the use of explosive devices and explosive materials. Technical and forensic support for the investigation of criminal offenses related to the use of explosive materials requires the use of certain scientific knowledge and approaches. Applied scientific and technical means for forensic research, along with already existing scientific knowledge, are diverse. In some cases, these connections are direct if scientific provisions are used for forensic research without appropriate revision (for example, scientific statements on the theory and practice of an explosion, the properties of explosives and means of detonation, methods of handling them and the nature of the explosion process). In other cases, these links are indirect when scientific provisions are improved and special tools, techniques and methods are developed on their basis.
Considering the specificity of this type of crime, the sets of technical means used in the inspection of the scene of the incident after the explosion, as well as those technical tools that are used in detecting, neutralizing explosive objects and their research in forensic laboratories. In the description of technical and forensic means, a modern special equipment used in the investigation of criminal explosions, with a description of the possibilities of its use, is in a separate category. The information presented in the article may be useful for the improvement of existing technical means and the development of new ones, taking into account their use in the investigation of criminal explosions.