Міжвідомчий Науково-методичний збірник
"Криміналістика і судова експертиза"
ISSN: 0130-2655
PDF Верстка Криміналістика 2019 6.05. 319 331 1 Завантажень: 1, розмiр: 302.6 KB

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33994/kndise.2019.64.28

S. Tomin

The article elucidates the basic tactical methods of inquest, aimed at solving problems of the crime prevention. On the base of evaluation the norms of the current legislation and scientific works in the area of criminal process, criminalistics and juridic psychology, the features of the solution are investigated in the production of this investigative action such task as establishing the circumstances that facilitated the crime.

The author draws conclusions about the need for an integrated approach to understanding interrogation from the standpoint of the criminal process, criminalistics and legal psychology. This approach is about solving with the help of tactical methods of inquest the following tasks: to identify the circumstances that contributed to the commission of a criminal offense; to carry out individual preventive effects on the interrogated person in order to prevent him from committing crimes in the future.

At the present stage of development of the criminal process, both the above and other areas of crime prevention are not properly implemented in the practice of the preliminary investigation bodies, as well as the proper scientific research. The main reason for this is seen in the absence in the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine of an indication of crime prevention as the task of criminal proceedings in general and the bodies conducting criminal proceedings, in particular. Considering the above, the necessity of restoring the provisions regulating the duties of law enforcement agencies in solving the task of crime prevention in the process of investigation and judicial review of a criminal case is substantiated in the norms of the criminal procedure legislation of Ukraine.

Key words: prevention, interrogation, tactical receptions, causes and conditions of a crime, preventive and educational influence.