A. Kirichenko; Yu. Lantsedova
The article deals with the new classification of antitort and other expertises on the basis object of the research and other grounds. The classes of criminalistic, medical and narcological expertises and the class of human psychic expertises are distinguished. The essence of the class of criminalistic expertises for the research of any trasessubstances (tracks: imprints, diagnostic and situational displays; substances: objects, devices, mechanisms, substances), relationships or phenomena of importance for overcoming criminal and/or other offenses except, excluding the psyche and metabolic processes of a person, his body, parts or secretions, as well as clothing, footwear and other traction substations in the event of joint causation of bodily harm to a person or other trace formation with his body and/or parts and/or excreta. The list of genuses of criminalistic expertises is given: firearms, ammunition and traces of illicit treatment of them; mechanical weapons, ammunition and traces of illicit handling of them; explosive weapons, explosive devices and substances, means of blasting and traces of the illicit treatment of them; substances, materials and products from them; restoration of destroyed texts and marking symbols; trassological; phonoscopic; commission odorological; handwriting author-identification; portrait; technical; technological, commodity research; accounting; financial-economical, biological, engineering-ecological, art criticism, military, etc., as well as kinds of expertises of some of these genuses.
The list of the genuses of medical expertises: genoscopic, immunological, biological, cytological, trassological, toxicological, trace ssubstances, corpses of a person, etc., as well as expertises of the human psyche: a psychological one that should investigate various peculiarities of the human psyche; and psychiatric, who investigates various deviations and diseases of the human psyche, including establishes the fact of the presence and recognition of the need for treatment of various manifestations of psychosociality.
The essence of the class of narcological expertises is determined, which must establish the fact of the presence and necessity of treatment of various manifestations of psycho-metabolic dependence on alcoholism, drug addiction, toxicomania, etc.
The variants of classification of antitortious and other expert investigations on the sequence of conducting, on the volume of research, on the composition and nature of the special knowledge, on the place of conducting and on the type of procedural proceedings.
According to the results of the research, it is suggested to use the above mentioned innovations to develop a solution for this problem, exhaustive in terms of the genuses and types of expertises, in the process of discussion.
Keywords: the classification of expert investigations criminalistic, medical and narcological expertises; human psychic expertises.