Міжвідомчий Науково-методичний збірник
"Криміналістика і судова експертиза"
ISSN: 0130-2655
PDF Верстка Криміналістика 2019 6.05. 615 621 Завантажень: 1, розмiр: 603.5 KB

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33994/kndise.2019.64.58

A. Kuzyshyn; O. Kovalchuk

One of the tasks that are being solved during the forensic railway transport expertise is to investigate the actions and circumstances of a railway accident. After analyzing the state of traffic safety in the structure of Ukrzaliznytsia OJSC, the author found that in recent years the number of runover incidents of rolling stock on pedestrians and motor vehicles has increased significantly. This is primarily due to the non-observance of the “Rules of Conduct of Citizens in Railway Transport”. It was noted that when performing such railway transport expertise, the expert receives an incomplete amount of necessary information, which may be the result of incomplete research or the impossibility of giving an opinion on this railway accident. First of all, this is due to the fact that employees of the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs when they are at the scene of a railroad accident have no special knowledge and cannot select the necessary information for the qualitative expertise.

And so, after conducting research, the author came to the conclusion that for a full and high-quality railway transport expertise in the event of rolling stock hitting an obstacle (vehicle or person), the expert needs to have the following list of documents and relevant data, namely: original speedometer module KKD-3 memory, registration tape CLUB-U; certificate on the provision of the train with VU-45 brakes; information on the type of track on which the railway accident occurred (link or continuous), the longitudinal profile and the plan of the section of the route on which the railway accident occurred; full-scale sheet form DU-1 for a freight train, and DU-1L – for the passenger; information on the permissible speed of movement in the area of the railway accident; warning on the train form DU-61; graphic reproduction of a clear situation of a railway accident with an indication of a specific stopping point of the train’s head, the location of the obstacle with reference to the picket column.

So, having received the necessary information in accordance with the list that is specified in this article, the expert can objectively and reliably assess the impact of the actions of each of the participants in this incident on the implementation of the mechanism of the railway accident as a whole.

Key words: forensic railway-transport expertise, rolling stock, runway, locomotive, track, obstacle.