M. Zholobetska; V. Koloniuk
The construction industry is one of the priority sectors of the economy and has a great social significance. Despite the implementation of the state policy on counteracting criminal offenses in the budgetary sphere, their level remains significant, especially in such priority sectors as construction, reconstruction and repair of state facilities.
As expert practice shows, recently, the number of expert studies related to the determination of the cost of actually executed construction work has increased.
Crimes in the field of construction have recently been characterized by a complex mechanism of accomplishment. During their investigation, the investigators have tasks whose solution requires the application of specialist knowledge in various fields, including accounting, engineering and construction, etc.
As analysis of investigative practice shows, in the investigation of crimes in the field of construction, a comprehensive judicial-economic and construction-technical expertise is conducted.
Comprehensive examination should be appointed when the solution of the questions posed is impossible as a result of several consecutive examinations. There is an integrated examination, in the production of which the solution of the problem is impossible without the simultaneous participation of specialists in various fields of knowledge and formulation of their general conclusion. Complex examination is carried out by at least two experts from different fields of knowledge or different areas within one area of knowledge.
The article analyzes the peculiarities of the process of carrying out complex construction-economic researches and examinations, reveals the main tasks of the complex judicial building-technical and economic expertise, as well as proposes a general algorithm for the implementation of a comprehensive judicial engineering-building and economic expertise.
The authors of the article agree that in most cases, the appointment of a comprehensive judicial construction, technical and economic expertise is the most efficient, methodologically correct way to the solution of expert tasks, when obtaining a reliable answer is guaranteed only by a general generalization of the results of the application of basic expert knowledge and methods.
Key words: special knowledge, multi-discipline expertise, multi-discipline construction, technical and economic expertise.