This article is devoted to the study of the organization and formation of the system of internal control by budget organizations (institutions), the definition and substantiation of the components and procedures of internal control, as well as the development of a mechanism for the practical implementation of this system in a budget institution (organization). The construction of an internal control system of a budgetary institution is based on the components: control environment (construction of the structure of the internal control system and its subordination, responsibilities and powers of internal controllers, requirements to their competence, their independence with respect to utsanov), risk management (identification and assessment of the probability and risk impact on the institution’s activities, costs, the risk response, in comparison with the resulting benefit from its reduction), control measures (which procedures and measures are implemented by the institution in order to ensure the effectiveness of internal control), information and communication, monitoring (reporting of internal control units and checking the results of its work by the supreme body). The organizational principles for the construction of internal control, the principles on which internal control is to be based, as well as the essence of the five elements of internal control, in accordance with which internal control is to be carried out by the administrators of budget funds, is regulated in the Methodological Recommendations on the organization of internal control by budgetary funds managers. in their institutions and in subordinate budget institutions (approved by the order of the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine dated September 14, 2012 No. 995). An important factor in the effectiveness of the internal control system’s operation is the accountability of the internal control units to the manager and parent organization, embodied in the provision of written reports on the results of control measures carried out with a certain periodicity, as well as the introduction of a mechanism for monitoring the elimination of identified deficiencies and violations. The existence and effectiveness of the internal control system’s functioning forms the basis for ensuring the effectiveness of the organization, including the efficient use of economic resources.
Key words: budgetary institution, internal control, internal control system, internal audit department.