А. Ishchenko; O. Ruvin; V. Iusupov
The article analyzes the main milestones of the Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise during one hundred and five years of activity, selected scientific developments of the Institute, and highlighted the contribution of the employees of this institution to the development of forensic science and the formation of the methodological foundations of forensic expertology. It is disclosed the legal basis for the creation of the Cabinet of Scientific and Forensic Expertise under the Prosecutor of the Kyiv Judicial Chamber in 1913, its activity in first years are described, which confirms the national significance of the expert institution. The article reveals the stages in history of the Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise related to the national revolution of 1917-1921 years, World War II on the territory of Ukraine, update of the criminal and criminal procedural legislation in the 1960s, proclamation of the Ukrainian independence. The author made conclusions about the role of the Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise in the implementation of justice in Ukraine.
Key words: Cabinet of Scientific and Forensic Expertise, Kyiv Scientific Forensic Expertise, Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise, expert institution, criminalistics, forensic examination.