The article is devoted to clarifying the concept, place and role materials of sound and video recording as type of source of evidence in criminal proceedings. It is noted that evidence may be only those factual data that are obtained as a result of investigative (search) actions and their variety, such as covert investigative (search) actions, other procedural actions that are provided by the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine, and in the order provided by the relevant procedural action.
Attention is drawn to the fact that the system of procedural sources of evidence used to establish factual data is defined in the CPC of Ukraine and consists of testimony, physical evidence, documents and expert opinions. Attention is paid to documents as a source of evidence. It is determined that the legislator refers the materials of audio and video recordings to such a source of evidence as a document. It is emphasized that in this case it is necessary to evaluate the information itself, and not the material object on which they are recorded. The peculiarities of establishing the features and properties of video and sound recording as a separate type of documents and determining their affiliation to physical evidence or documents due to the specific process of their formation are indicated. Given is a detailed description of the procedure for their delimitation.
It is stated that the collection, receipt and request materials of photographs, sound recordings, video recordings and other media belongs to the prosecution, the defense, the victim in order to establish the circumstances relevant to the criminal proceedings. It is emphasized that any collection of evidence is possible only in accordance with the procedure provided for by the CPC of Ukraine, that is, in compliance with the criminal procedural form. The legal consolidation and practical application materials of sound and video recording in criminal proceedings is determined, in particular, that materials of video and sound recording can be obtained as a result of recording the course and content of investigative (search) actions and covert investigative (search) actions, as well as when recording a court session. Video and sound recordings obtained during of procedural actions are attached to the protocols of investigative (search) actions, covert investigative (search) actions and are stored in the materials of criminal proceedings.
Key words: sound recording, video recording, source of evidence, physical evidence, document, criminal proceedings.