The article considers the current problems of children whose parents are in the process of divorce and can not determine the place of residence of the child. The influence of psycho-traumatic factors and situations on the development of cognitive, regulatory and personal spheres of psychological development of the child, taking into account age, is analyzed. Regularities of behavioral features of children suffering in the process of long-term judicial investigation and consideration of cases on determining the place of residence have been established.
In order not to violate the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the forensic expert must conduct all possible examinations, studies, and experiments to determine the attachments of children, their mental health, and comfort zone. It is necessary, as a final result of the study of children who are not to blame for a traumatic situation that can lead to mental damage, to take into account the desire of the child and provide him with the psychological right to live with the parent with whom he is comfortable.
Key words: emotions, mental health, stress, anxiety, traumatic situation.