Міжвідомчий Науково-методичний збірник
"Криміналістика і судова експертиза"
ISSN: 0130-2655
PDF 30 Завантажень: 1, розмiр: 275.6 KB

І. Bilous

The author in the article reveals the aspects connected with the introduction of modern technologies of electronic identification of citizens, as well as the process of implementing state measures in the course of the comprehensive identification reform in Ukraine.

The relevance of the chosen topic is based on the fact that interest in the use of biometric information about the owner of the document for the reliable identification of the person has increased considerably recently, which is directly related to the growing threats of international terrorism, the activation of illegal migration. And the interest in electronic identification tools is connected with the development of channels of access to new electronic services.

Therefore, an important issue for ensuring national security and public order is the creation of conditions under which it is impossible to use personal data and identity documents for the commission of criminal offenses. And for the provision of efficient public services, the introduction of modern electronic identification and accounting technologies for Ukraine, foreigners and stateless persons is important in Ukraine. The main condition for this is staying in the national circulation of highsecurity identity documents, the main of which is the passport of a citizen of Ukraine in the form of ID-card.

To this end, the author highlighted the state measures that ensure the implementation of the system of complex identification reform in Ukraine, as well as the possibilities of using the passport of a citizen of Ukraine in the form of a card, as a modern instrument of electronic and criminalistics identification of the person. Particular attention is paid to establishing authentic data about a person in the process of issuing a passport of a citizen of Ukraine in the form of ID-card.

The analysis of scientific researches of technical, legal, and criminalistics directions devoted to the use of biometric data contained on the electronic medium of information, in law-enforcement activity and their forensic research is carried out.

The author of the article, on the basis of the study, concluded that in order to maintain the functioning of the national system of identification of citizens of Ukraine, foreigners and stateless persons and carrying out a complex identification reform, it is necessary: a phased replacement of the passport of a citizen of Ukraine in the form of a book for new samples, replacement of the outdated the practice of paperwork to electronic, the introduction of new standards and processes to ensure the operational access of the State Migration Service to the existing state and single registers, other information databases for the purpose of identification.

The introduction of more secure documents that provide identification of the person will contribute to a significant increase in the security of society from the manifestations of crime and international terrorism.

The passport of a citizen of Ukraine in the form of ID-card with the presence of new details (non-contact electronic media and personal biometric information contained therein) has several advantages over the traditional document in the form of a book.