Міжвідомчий Науково-методичний збірник
"Криміналістика і судова експертиза"
ISSN: 2786-7072 (Online); ISSN: 2786-7080 (Print)
PDF vypusk_68-546-555 Завантажень: 38, розмiр: 297.7 KB

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33994/kndise.2023.68.55

А. Taran

The article considers the main documents that are necessary for conducting land-technical examinations and their features, the most frequent questions about the overlap of land plots that are put before the expert, as well as problematic aspects that arise in solving issues when conducting land-technical examinations and proposals for their solution.
Based on the results of the research, it can be concluded that one of the main aspects in solving issues when performing land and technical expertise is the presence of mandatory documents certifying the ownership of the land plot (state act, certificate of ownership of real estate, certificate of inheritance, extract, etc.) and the initial data (coordinates) indicated in the documentation and topographical geodetic works. which can be compared. A problem in the performance of land and technical examinations is the uncertainty of the forensic expert in the correctness of the topographical and geodetic work to determine the coordinates of the turning points of the borders of a particular land plot, which can lead to erroneous conclusions because the result of research depends on the initial data. However, the expert is not responsible for the correctness of the materials, documents and initial data provided to him, and for the correctness of actions performed by the specialists involved.
Proposals for solving the considered problem include becoming a forensic expert, as a specialist who has the right to engage in topographical and geodetic activities in accordance with current legislation, which will enable him to independently perform relevant works and be confident in the correctness of their execution.

Key words: land and technical expertise, land plot, ownership documents, land management documentation, overlay, comparison, actual use, topographical and geodetic works, coordinates.