One of the subjects of criminal encroachment in the commission of a crime under Art. 263-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine are ammunition, explosives and explosive devices. Such objects are capable of causing destruction, have the ability to cause bodily injury or death to a person and form significant material harm. At the present stage, in the absence of a basic law on weapons, in practice, there are certain problems with the qualification of the acts of persons as the illegal manufacture of ammunition, explosives and explosive devices. The article presents the concepts and types of these elements of the forensic characteristics of a crime under Art. 263-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. The classification of ammunition, explosives and explosive devices makes it possible to differentiate a specific object as the subject of a crime under Art. 263-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, to determine its forensically significant properties and characteristics.
Particular attention is paid to traces that appear at the site of careless handling of ammunition, explosives and explosive devices. To inspect the sites of these incidents, it is imperative to involve specialists in ballistics, explosives specialists, as well as other persons with special knowledge in the field of ballistics and explosives. The presence of these specialists also ensures the safety of other participants in this investigative action.
Ammunition, explosives and explosive devices as objects of criminal assault have a close relationship with the personality of the offender, the method of committing a criminal offence and the pattern of traces. Therefore, the establishment of the objects of criminal encroachment and their study allow you to correctly select the methods, techniques and means of investigation, determine the optimal sequence of investigative actions, and also properly ensure the investigation of a crime under Art. 263-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.
The article concludes with the importance of ammunition, explosives, and explosive devices for establishing the elements of a forensic characterization of a crime under Art. 263-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, and the need to use the special knowledge of experts involved in the relevant criminal proceedings.
Key words: ammunition, explosives, explosive devices, weapons, illegal
manufacture of ammunition, explosives, explosive devices, explosive expertise.