In modern conditions of liberalization of the visa regime for Ukraine by the EU countries and the increase of cross-border passenger-traffic flows, studies and introduction of various mechanisms to counter the threats to national security are becoming relevant as there are attempts to cross the state border by citizens of Ukraine, foreigners, stateless persons using forged passport and other documents.
Now, there remains insufficiently investigated the problem of determining ways to improve the system for checking a passport and other documents of persons crossing the state border.
In accordance with the main objectives of the Strategy for the Development of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, the implementation of European standards of border control is planned to be carried out by deploying a network of forensic experts (units) forensic examination of passport documents that are used in accordance with the legislation at the time of crossing the state border.
During the year 2017, the Administration of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine carried out the activities of the Twinning project “Support to the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine in the further implementation of the principles of the integrated border management, in the field of document verification and detection of stolen vehicles.” Within the framework of the project, modern European border control practices were studied and prospective ways were identified to improve the detection of counterfeit passports and other documents, improve the information exchange system and international cooperation in the field of document expertise.
Based on the results of the work during the Twinning project activities and taking into account the experience of the EU countries, practical recommendations were given for implementing an effective three-level document verification system that, according to the legislation, is used by citizens of Ukraine, foreigners and stateless persons, while crossing the state border.
Further introduction and improvement in the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, in accordance with European standards, a three level system for checking documents of citizens of Ukraine, foreigners and stateless persons crossing the state border, will ensure achievement of the predicted values of the indicators specified in Strategy for the Development of the State Border Service of Ukraine for the period until 2020. And also, will create a basis for: the implementation of the principle of regional (zonal) conducting forensic examinations and expert studies of documents; formation of the third level document verification system; development of interdepartmental and international cooperation on the detection of forged documents and their forensic examination.
The prospect of further research in this direction is expedient to determine the development of state legislative documents and mechanisms that will determine the conceptual approaches to further enhance the effectiveness of the detection of forged documents, as well as a plan for further actions for their implementation.