O. Kyrychenko, Yu. Lantsedova, I. Bondarenko
It is emphasized, that by known reliable news it is appropriate to understand those, that fully correspond to the actual circumstances of the action (actions or inactions of an individual or a small group of people), events (actions or inactions of very large groups of people, when it is impossible to establish the role in achieving the overall result of each of participants, for example, in the course of the war, etc.) or phenomenon (action or inaction of the forces of nature, including predatory animals, that are in conditions not regulated by humans) in general or a certain part of it, and peculiarities of perception, memorization, their storage, reproduction and other transmissions by a certain person, including life experience or relevant special or professional competence contribute to the transmission or other disclosure of practically adequate news. Attention is focused on the fact, that according to the basic orientation of the result of their public disclosure, each of the named types of news can be divided into those, that condition their perception by the majority of addressees as positive, negative and positive-negative, and negative information – also as neutral, socially harmful and socially dangerous news, when the last two types of news, depending on the level of public danger as a result of their public disclosure, may create conditions for the recipients to commit relevant criminal and other offences. On the basis of the above, it is proposed to improve the constitutional foundations of the legitimate implementation of any type of juridical, journalistic and other mass media proving or public discussion in terms of the freedom of not just any, but only knowingly reliable speech, as well as specified circumstances under which publication may be limited and knowingly reliable news.
Key words: the knowingly reliable news; unknowingly reliable news; the knowingly unreliable news; a piece of unknowingly unreliable news; the procedure of juridical, journalistic and other mass media proving or public discussion.