The article deals with some aspects of digitalization of forensic activity, such as improving the efficiency of search and cognitive activity of an investigator using digital technologies, and effective organization of such activity. Use of computer hardware, software, various computer and digital technologies and scripting to investigate crimes. The definitions of “digital trace” and “virtual trace” demonstrate the complexity of these issues. Certain dynamic movement of criminal activity in the information environment is analyzed. Defines the concept of virtual trace as a specific trace of certain actions in the information space of computer devices and their network systems. In considering the definition of the concept of virtual trace, the views of scientists such as V.A. Meshcheriakov, V.V. Poliakov and Smushkin A.V.
The aspects of consideration of forensic digitization are identified, among which the main ones are:
– use of digital technologies to increase the effectiveness of search and cognitive activity of the investigator, effective organization of this activity at the present level, optimization of interaction of different bodies, institutions in the investigation of crimes.
– the use of information and communication technologies to investigate crimes.
– solving didactic tasks in the field of training, retraining, advanced training of investigators, criminal investigators, forensic experts, improvement of their qualification, exchange of experience.
The further question of the development of forensic science in the field of information society is investigated. It is determined in what form the information forensics will exist, namely:
A new section of classic forensics that focuses on working with digital and virtual footprints.
The new science of “digital or virtual forensics”.
Independent forensic science within the framework of the general theory of forensic science, which integrates the development of virtual traces, the use of new technical means of finding, fixing, research, use in proving forensically relevant information, technologies that ensure the effectiveness of the investigator.
Key words: criminalistics, digital criminalistics, virtual criminalistics, virtualization, digitalization.