T. Holikova; Ya. Poltavska
The article deals with problematic issues of documenting the quality management system of institutions that carry out forensic expert provision of justice. The provisions of international standards for quality management systems harmonized in Ukraine are established, which regulate the quality documentation system as proof of the conformity of the institutionʼs activity with the declared ability to constantly represent products and services that meet the requirements of the customer and the applicable legislative and regulatory requirements.
On the example of the provisions of normative and normative-methodological international and national documents, certain gaps are revealed in determining the type of documents, their structure and content, except for the only document that regulates the creation of methods for conducting forensic examinations — methodological recommendations “The development of expert methods: content, structure, design (taking into account the international standards of quality management systems, adapted in Ukraine”.
These methodological guidelines were recommended by the Coordination Council for Forensic Expertise under the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine for the use during the development of methods for conducting forensic examinations, which are the main document of Section 5 The technical requirements (requirements for conducting expert studies). Currently, within the framework of the standardization of forensic expert provision of justice, the Draft state standard of Ukraine “The development of methods for conducting forensic examinations, taking into account the requirements of DSTU (National Standards of Ukraine) 1.5: 2015 (ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, 2001, NEQ) Rules for composition, presentation, process documentation and requirements for the content of regulatory documents”.
To eliminate these problems, the classification of documents was developed on four grounds: internal and external documents; documents regulating the requirements for management and technical (expert) requirements; documents on the degree of their hierarchy; documents on the areas of activity defined in Sections 4 and 5 of DSTU (National Standards of Ukraine) ISO/IEC 17025: 2006 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories.
Work continues on the development of the structure and content of documents, the results of which, in general, will make it possible to define an indicative list of elements of the quality documentation system- the specific documents, which will allow each institution to develop or update its package of documents, taking into account the specific features (approaches) ) in the activities of forensic expert provision of justice.