Міжвідомчий Науково-методичний збірник
"Криміналістика і судова експертиза"
ISSN: 0130-2655
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A. Yakovliev; O. Parfylo

Summary

The general reasons for the use of forensic techniques in the investigation of crimes are examined in the article, in particular, it is shown that the most significant evidence in the investigation of any crime committed both in the open and in the premises is the detection, with the help of technical and forensic tools, of hidden traces of hands or biological fluids of the offender’s personality, which allows you to identify the person, as well as confirm his involvement in the event of the crime.

Using the example of the latest developments of the British company Foster + Freeman, the article analyzes the possibilities of technical and forensic tools used in the inspection place of incident, in particular, a description of some samples of expert lighting is given.

It is established that the innovative LTF (Latent Fingerprint Technology) recovery technology developed by the British company allows restoring fingerprints from surfaces that are extremely difficult or impossible to process, in particular, used ammunition, weapons and knives. It uses the newest chemical coating process to develop fingerprints on complex surfaces for processing, including those that are subjected to extreme heat (for example, cartridge cases after a shot), and objects that have been rubbed or washed to prevent identification.

Analysis of the development of modern forensic technology shows the need for actual development and implementation of technical and forensic tools by domestic manufacturers, as well as the adoption of the newest models of foreign production.

During the preparation of the article, materials were used for participation in international seminars on the subject «Examination of fingerprints» and «Identification of biological fluids», which were conducted by the world famous manufacturer of criminalistics technology Foster + Freeman (Great Britain, Evesham and Malvern).